SINGAPORE: Earlier this week, we came across news of a dog day care centre has been issued an isolation order following a rise in the number of suspected leptospirosis cases in dogs from the premises
Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority (AVA), the Ministry of Health (MOH) and the National Environment Agency (NEA) notified an increase in leptospirosis cases in the last 12 months. In the past month, 12 of these cases were reported associated with Sunny Heights Day Care Centre. A cleaning and disinfectant order was requested along with isolation order.
Leptospirosis is an infection caused by corkscrew-shaped bacteria called Leptospira or L. interrogans . Signs and symptoms can range from none to mild such as headaches, muscle pains, and fevers; to severe with bleeding from the lungs or meningitis. If the infection causes the person to turn yellow, have kidney failure and bleeding, it is then known as Weil’s disease. If it causes lots of bleeding from the lungs it is known as severe pulmonary hemorrhage syndrome.
House-bound domestic dogs have contracted leptospirosis, apparently from licking the urine of infected mice in the house. The type of habitats most likely to carry infective bacteria includes muddy riverbanks, ditches, gullies, and muddy livestock rearing areas where there is a regular passage of wild or farm mammals. The incidence of leptospirosis correlates directly with the amount of rainfall, making it seasonal in temperate climates and year-round in tropical climates. Leptospirosis also transmits via the semen of infected animals
Testing and diagnosis is very difficult for this disease. Kidney test will show mild elevated levels only.Incubation (time of exposure to first symptoms) in animals is anywhere from 2 to 20 days. In dogs, leptospirosis most often damages the liver and kidney. In addition, recent reports describe a pulmonary form of canine leptospirosis associated with severe hemorrhage in the lungs—similar to human pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome. Vasculitis may occur, causing edema and potentially disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Myocarditis, pericarditis, meningitis, and uveitis are also possible sequelae.
Vaccines are available in some countries such as Cuba or China but they only offer limited protection and limited time only.
What can we take back from this infection outbreak?
Always wash our hands after handling different animals.
Always try to segregate all your different animals in your home.Most animal disease can cross between different animals. It is no uncommon to find pets that have no protection against certain common disease in other pets succumb to the disease.
Always board your animals with people who are particular with hygiene from other animals.
#Most information above are obtained from Wikipedia may not be very accurate . Do consult a doctor or veterinarian if you want to inquire more.